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What We Believe



Article 1 – Of Faith in the Holy Trinity

(Deut. 6:4; Neh.9:6; Isa.6:3; Jer. 10:10; Ps. 90:2; Eph. 4:6; I John 4:13-16; I Tim. 1:17)

There is but one living and true God, everlasting, without body or parts, of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness; the maker and preserver of all things, visible, and invisible. And in the unity of this Godhead there are three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity  the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.

Article 2 – Of the Word, or Son of God, Who Was Made Very Man

(I Tim. 2:5; I cor. 8:6; John 1:1-13,14; John 16:28; Acts 3:26; John 6:69)

The Son, who is the Word of the Father, the very and eternal God, of one substance with the Father, took man’s nature in the womb of the blessed Virgin; so that two whole and perfect natures, that is to say, the Godhead and manhood, were joined together in one person, never to be divided, whereof is one Christ, very God and very man, who truly suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, to reconcile His Father to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but also for the actual sins of men.

Article 3 – Of the Resurrection of Christ

(Matt. 28:1; 1 Cor. 15:12-28; John 5:19-30)

Christ did truly rise again from the dead, and took again His body, with all things appertaining to the perfection of man’s nature, wherewith He ascended into heaven, and there sitteth until He shall return to judge all men at the last day.

Article 4 – Of the Holy Ghost

(Matt. 28:19; John 16;7,13; Rom. 8:16; II Pet. 1:21; II Cor. 3:17)

The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son, is of one substance, majesty, and glory with the Father and the Son, very and eternal God.

Article 5 – Of  the Sufficeincy of the Holy Scriptures for Salvation

(Ps. 19:7; John 5:39; I Tim. 3:16; II Tim. 3:15; Jas. 1:21)

The Holy Scriptures contain all things necessary to salvation: so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man that it should be believed as an article of faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation. In the name of the Holy Scriptures, we do understand those canonical books of the Old and New Testament, of whose authority there never was any doubt in the Church. The names of the canonical books are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, The First Book of Samuel, The Second Book of Samuel, The First Book of Kings, The Second Book of Kings, The First Book of Chronicles, The Second Book of Chronicles, The Book of Ezra, The Book of Nehemiah, The Book of Esther, The Book of Job, The Psalms, The Proverbs, Ecclesiastes of the Preacher, Cantica or Song of Solomon. Four Prophets the Greater, Twelve Prophets the Less.  All the books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive and account canonical.

Article 6 – Of the Old Testament

(Matt. 5:17; Luke 24:27, 44)

The Old Testament is not contrary to the New; for both in the Old and New Testament everlasting life is offered to mankind by Christ, who is the only Mediator between God and Man. Wherefore they are not to be heard who feign that the old fathers did look only for transitory promises. Although the law given from God by Moses, as touching ceremonies and rites, doth not bind Christians, nor ought the Civil precepts thereof of necessity be received in any commonwealth; yet, notwithstanding, no Christian whatsoever is free from the obedience of the commandments which are called moral.

Article 7 – Of  Original or Birth Sin

(Rom. 5:12, 19; Eph. 2:1-9)

Original Sin standeth not in the following of Adam (as the Pelagians do vainly say), but it is the corruption of the nature of every man that naturally is engendered of the offspring of Adam, whereby man is very far gone from original righteousness, and of his own nature inclined to evil, and that continually.

Article 8 – Of Free Will

(John 15:5; Rom. 5:6; Eph. 2:1-10; Phil. 2:13)

The condition of man after the fall of Adam is such that he cannot turn and prepare himself, by his own natural strength and works, to faith, and to calling upon God; wherefore we have no power to do good works, pleasant and acceptable to God, without the grace of God by Christ assisting us, that we may have a good will, and working with us, when we have that good will.

Article 9 – Of the Justification of Man

(Rom. 3:28; Rom. 5:1; Eph 2:8-9)

We are accounted righteous before God only for the merit of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ by faith, and not for our own works or deservings. Wherefore, that we are justified by faith only is a most wholesome doctrine, and very full of comfort.

Article 10 – Of  Good Works

(Rom. 3:20; Tit. 3:5; Eph. 2:8; Gal. 5:22)

Although good works, which are the fruits of faith, and follow after justification, cannot put away our sins, and endure the severity of God’s judgements; yet they are pleasing and acceptable to God in Christ, and spring out of a true and lively faith, insomuch that by them a lively faith may be as evidently known as a tree is discerned by its fruit.

Article 11 – Of  Works of Supererogation

(Job 22:3; Luke 17:10)

Voluntary works, besides, over, and above God’s commandments, which are called works of Supererogation, cannot be taught without arrogance and impiety. For by them men do declare that they do not only render unto God as much as they are bound to do, but that they do more for His sake than of bounden duty is required: Whereas Christ saith plainly, When we have done all that is commanded of you, say, We are unprofitable servants.

Article 12– Of Sin after Justification

(Jer. 3:22; Mk. 3:28-30; I Jn 2:1, Rev. 2:5)

Not every sin willingly committed after justification is a sin against the Holy Ghost and unpardonable. Wherefore, the grant of repentance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin after justification: after we have received the Holy Ghost, we may depart from grace given, and fall into sin and, by the grace of God, rise again and amend our lives. And, therefore they are to be condemned who say they can no more sin as long as they live here; or deny the place of forgiveness to such as truly repent.

Article 13 – Of the Church

( I Cor. 1:2; Eph. 4:11-12; Acts 20:28)

The visible Church of Christ is a congregation of faithful men in which the pure Word of God is preached and the Sacraments duly administered according to Christ’s ordinance, in all those things of necessity required of the same.

Article 14 – Of Purgatory

(Ex. 20:4; Matt. 4:10; Mark 2:7)

The Romish doctrine concerning purgatory, pardon, worshiping, and adoration, as well of images as of relics, and also invocations of saints, is a fond thing; vainly invented, and grounded upon no warrants of Scripture, but repugnant to the Word of God.

Article 15 – Of Speaking in the Congregation in such a tongue as the People

(I Cor. 14:1-39 )

It is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God, and the custom of the primitive church, to have public prayer in the Church, or to minister the Sacraments, in a tongue not understood by the people.

Article 16 – Of the Sacraments

(Matt. 26:26; 28:19; I Cor. 11:23, 24)

Sacraments, ordained of Christ, are not only badges or tokens of Christian men’s profession, but rather they are certain signs of grace and God’s good will toward us, by the which He doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm, our faith in Him. There are two Sacraments ordained of Jesus Christ our Lord in the Gospel; that is to say Baptism and the Lord’s Supper. Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say confirmation, penance, orders, matrimony, and extreme unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel; being such as have partly grown out of the corrupt following of the Apostles and partly are states of life allowed in Scriptures, but yet have not the like nature of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper, because they have not any visible sign of ceremony ordained of God. The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon or to be carried about; but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same they have a wholesome effect or operation; but they that receive them, unworthily purchase to themselves condemnation as Saint Paul saith. I Cor. 11:29.

Article 17 – Of Baptism

( Mark 16:16; John 3:5; Acts 22:16)

Baptism is not only a sign of profession and mark of differences whereby Christians are distinguished from others that are not baptized; but it is also a sign of regeneration of the new birth. The baptism of young Children is to be retained in the Church.

Article 18 – Of the Lord’s Supper

( Luke 22:19-20)

The supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the love that Christians ought to have among themselves one to another, but rather is a Sacrament of our redemption by Christ’s death; insomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive the same, the bread which we break is a partaking of the body of Christ; and likewise the cup of blessing is a partaking of the blood of Christ. Transubstantiation, or the change of the substance of bread and wine into the body and blood of our Lord, cannot be proved by Holy Writ, but is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of the Sacrament, and hath given occasion to many superstitions. The Body of Christ is given, taken and eaten in the Supper only after a heavenly and spiritual manner. And the means whereby the body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper is faith. The Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper was not by Christ’s ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshiped.

Article 19 – Of Both Kinds

(Matt. 2:27; I Cor. 11:26, 28)

The Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the Lay People, for both parts of the Lord’s Supper, by Christ’s ordinance and commandment, ought to be administered to all Christians alike.

Article 20 – Of the One Oblation of Christ, Finished upon the Cross

(Heb. 9:28, 10:26; Rom. 6:9, 10; Acts 4:12)

The Offering of Christ, one made, is a perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction for all the sins of the whole world, both original and actual; and there is none other satisfaction for sin but that alone. Wherefore the sacrifice of masses, in which it is commonly said that the priest doth offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, is a blasphemous fable and dangerous deceit.

Article 21 – Of the Marriage of Ministers

(Matt. 8:14; Acts 21:9; I Tim. 3:2; I Cor. 9:5)

The Ministers of Christ are not commanded by God’s law either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage; therefore, it is lawful for them, as for all other Christians, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness.

Article 22 – Of the Rites and Ceremonies of Churches

(Rom. 14:5; I Cor. 14:26; I Pet. 2:16)

It is not necessary that the rites and ceremonies should in all places be the same, or exactly alike; for they have always been different, and may be changed according to the diversity of the countries, times and men’s manners, so that nothing be ordained against God’s Word. Whatsoever, through his private judgment, willingly and purposely doth openly break the rites and ceremonies of the Church to which he belongs, which are repugnant to the Work of God, and are not ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly, that others may fear to do the like, as one that offended against the common order of the Church and woundeth the consciences of weak brethren. Every particular Church may ordain, change, or abolish rites and ceremonies, so that all things may be done to edification.

Article 23 – Of the Rulers of the United States of America

(Matt. 22:21; Rom. 13:1, 3, 4)

The President, the Congress, the General Assemblies, the Governors and the Councils of State as the Delegates of the People, are the Rulers of the United States of America, according to the division of power made to them by the Constitution of the United States, and by the constitutions of their respective States. And the said States are a sovereign and independent Nation, and ought not to be the subject to any foreign jurisdiction. As far as it respects civil affairs, we believe it the duty of Christians, and especially all Christian Ministers, to be subject to the supreme authority of the country where they may reside and to use all laudable means to enjoin obedience to the powers that be; and, therefore, it is expected that all our Preachers and People who may be under any foreign Government will behave themselves as peaceable and orderly subjects.

Article 24 – Of Christian Men’s Goods

(Ex.20:15; Matt. 5:42; I John 3:17)

The riches and goods of Christians are not common, as touching the right, title, and possession of the same, as some do falsely boast, notwithstanding, every man ought, of such things as he possesses, liberally to give alms to the poor according to his ability.

Article 25 – Of a Christian Men’s Oath

(Jer. 4:2; I Sam. 20:17; II Cor. 1:23)

As we confess that vain and rash swearing is forbidden Christian men by our Lord Jesus Christ and James his Apostle; so we judge that the Christian religion doth not prohibit, but that a man may swear when the Magistrate requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it be done according to the Prophet’s teaching, in justice, judgment, and truth.





I believe in God the Father Almighty, the Maker of heaven and earth,

and in Jesus Christ, His only son, our LORD.  Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead and buried.  The third day, He arose from the dead, He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God the Father almighty.  From thence He shall come to judge the quick(living)and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Ghost,

the holy catholic church,

the communion of saints,

the forgiveness of sins,

the resurrection of the body,

and the life everlasting.


"catholic" means "universal" hence the holy catholic is the Church Universal of which the Roman Catholic Church is but one of its many branches.